In the south-eastern part of Rajasthan where the Rajasthan borders meet the borders of Madhya-pradesh a small and fascinating city named as Jhalawar is located.
This place was surrounded by dense forests, Jhala Zalim Singh, who was dewan of Kota state used to come here for hunting. Maratha rulers were continuously trying to rule over the hadoti state, and they used to pass through this place to reach there. So the dewan of Kota think about making a military cantonment there to stop the maratha invaders. So he established township under Kota state there and named it Umedpur in 1803 AD. In 1838 AD the british rulers separated it from Kota and changed it’s name to Jhalawar and handes it to Jhala Madan Singh, the grandson of Jhala Zalim Singh.
From then till now this place is under the Jhala Rajputs. Jhalawar is still a princely state. Maharaj Rana Shri Chandrajit Singhji Dev Bahadur is the current Maharaja Saheb of Jhalawar.
According to the census 2011 the total population of Jhalawar is 14,11,129 of which the total male population is 7,25,143 and the female population is sixth 6,85,986, where the density of this place is 227 persons per km square. The sex ratio of Jhalawar is 946 girls per 1000 boys. Average literacy in Jhalawar is 61.50% of which the male literacy is 75.75% and the female literacy is 46.53%.
Places of interest
Jhalara Patan, is located 7 km away from Jhalawar on the banks of Chandrabhaga river. There are some 108 temples here, thats why this place is also called as the city of temple bells. The best temple of them is the Surya temple that was made in 10th century and has a height of 100 feet and is decorated with artistic sculptures.
Jhalawar fort is located in the center of the town. The main beauty of this place is the frescoes made on the mirror and walls of Janana khas or women’s place.
Bhawani natya shala is a theatre that was used for dance and other cultural performances. The underground area of the stage from where horses and even chariots appear on the stage is the architectural uniqueness of this place.
Chandrabhaga temples, Bhuddhist caves and stupas, Bhimsar dham, jain temples and Kakuni are some other places that makes it a must visit place.
Transportation in Jhalawar
Local transport medium is available at very efficient in cost. Taxis and shared auto rickshaws are easily available to travel inside the city and nearby places. Rental cars also can be hired.
How to reach
Nearest airport to reach Jhalawar is Jaipur at a distance of almost 340 km.
Jhalawar railway Station is small and has only 1 platform. You can find trains from most of the cities to Kota and from Kota many mediums are available to reach Jhalawar.
NH 12 passes through Jhalawar and a number of private and public buses are available for many major and minor cities.
Kali Sindh and Parvati are the major rivers of Jhalawar. Choti kali sindh and Niwaj are the other rivers of Jhalawar.
Special about Jhalawar
Jhalawar is different in its geographic peculiarity from the other parts of Rajasthan as it is rock-strewn, scrub-covered terrain, occasionally bright with fields of poppies and citrus-green groves of oranges.
This city is also famous for caves, forts and temples.