Botanical Name: Aloe Barbadensis Miller
Family – Liliaceae
Broadly known as Aloevera
• Miracle Plant
• Wonder Plant
• Herbal Aloe
• ornamental plants
• Aloe Vulgaris
Aloevera medical science, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic industries.The color and smell of each variety in a plant of great potential value and its characteristic bitter taste and feel nauseous. Aloevera Barbadensis Barbados island shows. Aloevera native medicine (Ayurveda) and the Greek system and cosmetics, shampoos and creams used.
Aloe vera and its findings leading market India, Australia, USA, Japan and Europe are in. Increasing demand for aloe vera and scientific studies with the support of the medicinal benefits of vera.It Aloevera to cultivate profitable and potential agro-industrial crop has the potential to become future.
Aloevera material: –
Vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid, Niacine
• Vitamins: A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12
• contributes to the well – being and health
• supplies the body with energy
• strengthens the immune system
• minerals: calcium, iron, potassium
• indispensable to human metabolism
• Building of blood, essential for the development of bones and teeth
• Amino acids: lysine, Threonin, valine, etc.
• The body of the “building blocks”
• tissue repair / carry oxygen throughout the body
• they form antibodies to combat invading bacteria and viruses
• enzymes: oxidase, Catalase etc.
• regulate intestinal activity.
• Assist in food elements break up
Aloe vera grows in a wide range of climatic conditions. It prefers sandy or loamy, well-drained soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil, but thrives on rich soils. It is tolerant of salinity. Established plants will survive drought quite well even though the root system is relatively shallow. Aloe vera is not very frost-hardy, but will survive a temperature of –3°C with only slight injury. It should be planted in full sun or light shade. During the winter months in the subtropics, the plant becomes dormant and utilizes very little moisture.
Climate and Soil : Aloe is grown in warm tropical areas and cannot survive freezing temperatures. Aloe Vera can be cultivated on any soil for ‘dry land management’, sandy loamy soil is the best suited for it.
THE PROCESS OF CULTIVATING OF ALOE VERA
The ground is to be carefully prepared to keep free from weeds and the soil is ideally kept ideally slightly acidic. The soil should be supplied supplement in the form of ammonium nitrate every year.
The plants are set spaced out by 31 inches in rows and between the rows. At that rate, about 5,000 plants are set per acre. An 8 – 12 inch aloe pop would take about 18 – 24 months to fully mature.
The plants, in a year’s time, would bear flowers that are bright yellow in colour. The leaves are 1 to 2 feet long and are cut without causing damage to the plant, so that it lasts for several years.
The leaves cut off close to the plant are placed immediately, with the cut end downwards, in a V-shaped wooden trough of about 4 feet long and 12 to 18 inches deep.
The wooden trough is set on a sharp incline so that the juice, which trickles from the leaves very rapidly, flows down its sides, and finally escapes by a hole at its lower end into a vessel placed beneath.
It takes about a quarter of an hour to cut leaves enough to fill a trough. The troughs are so distributed as to be easily accessible to the cutters.
The leaves are neither infused nor boiled, nor is any use afterwards made of them except for manure. When the vessels receiving the juice become filled, the latter is removed to a cask or reserved for evaporation. This may be done at once, or it may be delayed for weeks or even months.
The evaporation is generally conducted in a copper vessel; at the bottom of this is a large ladle, into which the impurities sink, and are from time to time removed as the boiling goes on.
As soon as the inspissations has reached the proper point, which is determined solely by the experienced eye of the workman, the thickened juice is poured into large gourds or into boxes, and allowed to harden.
Also constantly under dry conditions can be grown in almost all parts of India, except in temperate climates. As the water requirement is very low, it can be cultivated in arid and semi-arid region, particularly Rajasthan, Gujarat. Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Marginal soil fertility is low margin sub is grown successfully. Plants with high sodium and potassium salts have a tendency to tolerate high soil pH. However, in its development, such as black cotton soil of central India under heavy soils fertile medium is faster. Well-drained loam and medium ferlility to pH 8.5 with its commercial cultivation should be preferred for the coarse sandy loam soil.
Aloevera 20-30 cm below the root system does not penetrate, so the soil should not be too deep trouble. The type of soil and agro-climatic conditions, depending on plowing followed by 1-2 leveling is recommended. Area suitable plot size (10-15 m x 3 m) and slopes are the source of irrigation should be divided into consideration.
Suckers should be planting time in July-August to get better field survival and later development. However, under irrigated conditions, planting year round, the winter months (November to February) can be left in.
Planting material, planting material recommended for commercial cultivation are suckers. About three to four months old 4-5 leaves about 20-25 cm in length and having the suckers as planting materials to be used.
Suckers and planting spacing of 60 x 60 cm, about 15 cm deep, just different in the pits should be made of the time of planting. suckers after planting, the soil around the root zone must be taken to avoid water stagnation and proper care should be pressed firmly. 25,000 suckers are required for planting one hectare.
In general, crop manure (FYM or compost) that respond well to the application. FYM about 10 to 15 tons per hectare in the soil at the time of preparation and may also be applied in the following years. If wood ash is available in sufficient quantities, it can be applied at planting time pits because it helps the plants and their subsequent growlh.
Crop irrigation withstands stress condition very well, but the good harvest in important stages of development, to get irrigation should be recommended as below.
1. Apply the first irrigation after planting just suckers.
2. Until the plants are irrigated 2-3, 4-6 irrigation per year may be sufficient for its proper development.
3. Depending on the availability of water, the leaves give light irrigation after each picking.
Inter-culture growing area during the operation should be kept free of weeds. Hoeing every year, followed by two or three hands weedings promote growth and suckering. The first co-hoeing, weeding after planting should be completed within a month. In the following years, two years to reduce the population to bear the light hoeing, weeding weeds are sufficient. Remove diseased plants and dried flowers regularly wager.
Insect-pests and diseases
There pests and diseases, however, the mealy bug and leaf spot and anthracnose have been reported from some parts of the country are not a big problem. If there is a termite problem, it can be managed by applying light irrigation.
From the second year of planting, harvesting and yield commercial production is available for the fifth year. Typically 3-4 per year pickings can be taken, depending on the development. An average 15-20 t / ha of fresh leaves for the extraction of juice for your cultivation.Fully developed mature leaves should be harvested fully adopting recommended practices can be obtained from the second year of plantation.
Health Benefits of Aloe Vera / Aloe Vera uses
Aloe Vera has been used externally, the first and second degree burns, eczema and treatment of various skin conditions such as cuts to treat. It is alleged that sap from Aloe vera eases pain and reduces inflammation. It has antiseptic and antibacterial properties that make it highly valuable in the treatment of cuts and scratches.Aloe vera gel dry skin conditions, especially eczema around the eyes and sensitive facial skin is useful. Aloe Vera juice ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease may help some people. Aloe coughs, wounds, ulcers, gastritis, diabetes, cancer, headaches, arthritis, immune system deficiencies, and many other conditions when taken internally has been marketed as a remedy for. However, in general for internal use is as a laxative. The lower leaf of the plant is used for medicinal purposes. The lower leaf sliced open, the gel can be applied on the affected area of the skin receives. As a drug it is used as: The human immune system protects the whole leaf extract of immune system cells galvanizes. Phagocytes to enhance their cleaning activities, thus strengthening the body’s cleansing and protective functions of the immune cascade kicking a whole. It is known that the famous Egyptian Queen Cleopatra herself massage with aloe Vera to keep her skin fresh made. Improve the digestive system
Health Benefits of Aloe Vera:
1. Detoxify the body.
2. Hydrates the skin.
3. Lowers high cholesterol.
4. Supports immune system.
5. Stabilizes blood sugar.
6. Soothes arthritis pain.
7. protect the body from stress.
8. prevents kidney stones.
9. cooling and reparing sunburn skin.
10. reduce high blood pressure.
11. Strengthens gums and promotes strong and healthy teeth.
12. Heals the intestines and lubricates the digestive tract.
13. prevent and treat candida infections.
14. helpful in curing blisters, insect bites and any allergic reactions, eczema, burns, wounds and psoriasis.
Aloe Vera is a species of succulent plant with thick fleshy leaves, spiny stems. Fleshy stem that Aloe Vera juice is an excellent home remedy since the beginning of the first century, which are used for various purposes. Juice and gel in your regular diet, medicinal, cosmetic, Heather and also used in the treatment.
Aloe Vera juice and gel antioxidants, antibiotics, powerful, stimulating cell growth and are working as barrier properties and the scars and pain. They are rich in the vitamins and minerals.
Aloe Vera gel
Aloe vera gel Aloe vera (L.) Burm parenchymatous cells obtained from the fresh leaves colorless viscous gel.
Aloe Vera Gel has earned a reputation as a miracle drug. It is because of its anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties is effective in burn treatment. Its healing properties, rehydrating insulating and protective due to high water content can be generated from the activities. Key components polysaccharides (mainly Acemannan), lectins, sterols and enzymes, and the base effect polysaccharide and a synergy between the different components are considered. Also, Acemannan immune stimulant, has shown anticancer, and antiviral effects. The use of prison in the United States for the treatment of leukemia in cats, fibrosarcoma in dogs has been approved, for wound healing in humans and humans dry socket ( “alveolar osteitis’) to stop.