indira gandhi canal in rajasthan Life Line of Rajasthan

Indira Gandhi canal in India is one of the biggest canal projects. It Harike Barrage in Ferozepur, Punjab in the Indian state of confluence of the Sutlej and the Beas a few kilometers from the start and irrigation in the Thar desert of Rajasthan state in northwest ends. Rajasthan is known as the canal, after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1985 was renamed the Indira Gandhi Canal. Punjab and Haryana for the first time canal 167 kilometers (104 miles) and a further 37 kilometers (23 miles) in Rajasthan 445 km (277 miles) followed by Rajasthan with Rajasthan canal feeder canal, which consists entirely within Rajasthan. Lohgad canal near the village of Punjab, Haryana enters Kharakhera in Tibbi village near Tehsil of Hanumangarh district in Rajasthan before entering through the western part of Sirsa district runs. Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Hanumangarh, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Ganganagar and: Canal flows in seven districts of Rajasthan.

Indira Gandhi Canal Project (IGNP) dedesertify and agricultural producer in the world, aiming to transform wasteland desert is one of the most important projects. Project objectives drinking water, environment, forestry, employment, rehabilitation, development and launch of livestock to improve and increase agricultural produce, including drought.
Construction of the project was launched in 1958 to complete the project only partially shown remarkable success.
Indira Gandhi Canal Project 9367 MM3 / Total 10,608 MM3 / Ravi and Beas rivers with excess water allocated to Rajasthan was designed to use the yr. Construction of the project is divided into two phases.

indira gandhi canal in rajasthan

indira gandhi canal in rajasthan

Design and construction of indira gandhi canal:
Himalayan water from rivers flowing into Pakistan through Punjab idea of bringing a hydraulic engineer was employed by, Kanwar Sain, who proposed that in the late 1940s to 2,000,000 in Bikaner and Jaisalmer desert lands of the northwest corner hectares (20,000 km2) of the Punjab rivers stored water could be brought under irrigation. Sutlej, Beas and Ravi – 1960 Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan, India has the right to use the water of the three rivers was signed between. The proposed 7.6 million acre-feet of water to Rajasthan canal usage is envisaged. [2]

The initial plan, Stage I 204 km (127 miles) from the feeder canal Harike Barrage in Punjab canal was constructed in two phases consist of. Stage I at length 2,950 km (1,830 mi) includes the construction of branch canal system. In the second phase, 256 kilometers (159 miles) long main canal and 3,600 kilometers (2,200 miles), including the creation of the branch canal network. It was planned that the main canal to top 140 feet (43 meters) wide and 116 feet (35 meters), 21 feet (6.4 meters) of water depth will elaborate on the floor. Canal was scheduled to be completed by 1971.

Phase I acute financial constraints, neglect and corruption can not be completed in time. In 1970 the plan was revised and it was decided that the canal will be lined with concrete tiles. Five more were added lift plans. Flow command of the second phase 100,000 hectares (1000 km2) was increased. With increased requirements, main, feeder and distribution canals, total length of 9245 kilometers (5745 miles) was. Phase I was completed around 20 years behind schedule and was completed in 1983

Green Revolution in Rajasthan by indira gandhi canal:

Rajasthan Canal(Indira Gandhi Canal) passing through Thar desert near Chhatargarh Bikaner district,Rajasthan
After the construction of the Indira Gandhi Canal, irrigation facilities were available over an area of 6,770 km2 (1,670,000 acres) in Jaisalmer district and 37 km2 (9,100 acres) in Barmer district. Irrigation had already been provided in an area of 3,670 km2 (910,000 acres) in Jaisalmer district. The canal has transformed the barren deserts of this district into rich and lush fields.[citation needed] Crops of mustard, cotton, and wheat now flourish in this semi-arid north-western region replacing the sand there previously.